Activity Ratio: Significance, Solution and Significance

What is Activity Ratio?

Activity ratios, likewise called turnover ratios, are necessary metrics in the field of accountancy. These ratios make it possible for the examination of a business’s functional performance and efficiency. By evaluating different activity ratios, such as the Inventory/Stock Turnover Ratio, Trade Receivables Turnover Ratio, Trade Payables Turnover Ratio, and Working Capital Turnover Ratio, stakeholders can get important insights into a business’s efficiency.

1. Inventory/Stock Turnover Ratio:

The Inventory/Stock Turnover Ratio offers insights into how effectively a business handles its stock and transforms it into sales. This ratio shows the variety of times stock is offered and changed throughout a particular duration. The efficiency of a business’s sales practices is computed by Stock Turnover Ratio.


Inventory/Stock~Turnover~Ratio =frac{Cost~of~Goods~Sold}{Average~Inventory}


The Inventory/Stock Turnover Ratio is substantial as it assists evaluate a business’s stock management performance. A greater ratio recommends efficient stock management and a much faster turnover rate, showing that the business is quickly transforming stock into sales. On the other hand, a lower ratio might show slower sales, extreme stock levels, or insufficient stock management. Monitoring this ratio makes it possible for services to determine possible concerns and carry out restorative procedures to enhance stock levels.

2. Trade Receivables Turnover Ratio:

A monetary sign called the trade receivables turnover ratio is utilized to evaluate how effectively an organization gathers payment from its customers for credit sales. The efficiency of a business’s credit and collection practices is computed by the trade receivables turnover ratio. It is figured up by dividing net credit sales by the typical receivables throughout a provided amount of time.

The Trade Receivables Turnover Ratio or Accounts Turnover Ratio determines how often a business transforms its receivables into money over a provided period. A lower ratio reveals that a business is taking longer to gather its receivables, which might be the reason for issue, while a greater ratio reveals that a business is gathering its receivables more quickly, which is generally thought about a favorable sign.


Trade~Receivables~Turnover~Ratio =frac{Net~Credit~Sales}{Average~Accounts~Receivable}


This ratio shows how rapidly a business gathers payments from its consumers throughout a particular duration. A greater ratio recommends timely payment collection, effective credit management, and lower credit threat. On the other hand, a lower ratio might show obstacles in gathering receivables, which can result in capital issues and increased credit threat. Examining this ratio assists business assess their credit policies, determine locations for enhancement, and take proper actions to enhance capital.

3. Trade Payables Turnover Ratio:

Trade Payable Turnover Ratio is a monetary ratio that determines how effectively a business pays its providers for the items and services it has actually bought on credit. It is computed by comparing the expense of items offered to the typical accounts payable throughout a specific duration. This ratio assists in examining a business’s credit management practices and its relationship with providers. A greater trade payable turnover ratio is thought about much better as it shows that a business is effectively handling its payable. Trade payable turnover ratio can not be unfavorable. Nevertheless, a low ratio might show that a business is not successfully handling its payable. A business can enhance its trade payable turnover ratio by working out much better payment terms with its providers, enhancing its stock management, and lowering its accounts payable days.




This ratio shows how rapidly a business settles its trade payables throughout a particular duration. A greater ratio recommends prompt payments, strong capital, and favorable provider relationships. On the other hand, a lower ratio might show hold-ups in payments, possible liquidity concerns, or stretched provider relationships. Monitoring this ratio enables business to guarantee prompt payments, keep healthy provider relationships, and enhance capital.

4. Working Capital Turnover Ratio:

Operating capital turnover ratio develops a relationship in between the working capital and the turnover( sales) of a company. Simply put, this ratio determines the performance of a company in using its operating capital in order to support its yearly turnover. A high working capital turnover ratio suggests that the business is really effective in utilizing its present properties and liabilities to support its sales. Simply put, for each rupee utilized or utilized in business, it has the ability to create a greater quantity of sales. Nevertheless, a lower working capital ratio implies that the quantity utilized in working capital is greater which the turnover is not up to the mark. Simply put, the turnover is lower than the minimum levels according to the offered quantity of working capital utilized.


Working~Capital~Turnover~Ratio = frac{Net~Sales}{Working~Capital}


Working~Capital~Turnover~Ratio = frac{Cost~of~Goods~Sold}{Working~Capital}


This ratio shows how successfully a business uses its operating capital to create sales throughout a particular duration. A greater ratio recommends effective usage of working capital, making the most of functional output. On the other hand, a lower ratio might show underutilization or possible inadequacies. Examining this ratio assists business evaluate their total functional performance and determine locations for enhancement.

Last Upgraded:
15 May, 2023

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